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Garrido Abejar, Margarita
Envejecimiento y fragilidad, Manejo y control de signos y síntomas, Salud mental, Metodología docente.
  • Facultad de Enfermería. Universidad de Castilla la Mancha
[Validity of the Connor-Davidson resilience scale (10 items) in a population of elderly].
Artículo
25/02/13 Cuenca
Área:
Salud mental
Ámbito:
Varios Ámbitos
Metodología:
Validación de instrumentos
Población:
Mayores (Ancianos) > 65 años
Autores:
Dolores Serrano-Parra M,Garrido-Abejar M,Notario-Pacheco B,Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R,Solera-Martínez M,Martínez-Vizcaíno V
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Serrano-Parra, M D, Garrido Abejar, M, Notario-Pacheco B, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Solera-Martínez M, Martínez-Vizcaíno V. Validez de la escala de resiliencia de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC de 10 ítems) en una población de mayores entre 60 y75 años. Enfer Clin. 2013; 23(1):14-21.

To examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the CD-RISC 10-items in a sample of the elderly population of Cuenca, Spain; and to assess if the Spanish version preserves the same factorial structure as the original one.
A cross sectional study was conducted in five health centres in the province of Cuenca. The study included a random sample of 500 people aged 60-75 years who lived within the community. Measurements: The sociodemographic variables, CD-RISC-10 (resilience), PSS (perceived stress), SF-12v2, Pfeiffer Short Portable Mental Status questionnaire, GDS (geriatric depression), and MOS (social support), were all used to gather data. The number of factors underlying the CD-RISC 10 items was analysed using exploratory factor analysis. Furthermore, this factor structure was tested by confirmatory factor analysis.
A single underlying factor was found in the CD-RISC 10 items. The factor structure was tested using confirmatory factor analysis and it was found that a single factor model showed acceptable goodness of fit values for both men and women. Convergent validity was performed to test whether the mean scores of the variables were significantly associated with resilience. The Cronbach's α coefficient for the CD-RISC 10 items scale was 0.81. The overall scores of the Spanish version of the CD-RISC-10 items correlated directly with MOS and the physical and mental components of SF-12, and inversely with the PSS and GDS.
The Spanish version of the CD-RISC-10 showed good psychometric properties. Thus, it can be used as a valid and reliable instrument to measure resilience in the non-institutionalized older population.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

Validity of the Connor Davidson Resilience scale (CD-RISC) in people from 60-to-75 years old. (Validez de la escala de resiliencia de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) en una población de mayores entre 60 y 75 años).
Artículo
01/11/12 Cuenca
Área:
Salud mental
Ámbito:
Varios Ámbitos
Metodología:
Validación de instrumentos
Población:
Mayores (Ancianos) > 65 años
Autores:
Serrano-Parra M D, Garrido Abejar M, Notario-Pacheco B, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Solera-Martínez M, Martínez-Vizcaíno V.
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Serrano-Parra M D, Garrido Abejar M, Notario-Pacheco B, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Solera-Martínez M, Martínez-Vizcaíno V. Validez de la escala de resiliencia de Connor-Davidson (CD-RISC) en una población de mayores entre 60 y 75 años. International Journal of Psychological Research (IJPR). 2012; 5(2):49-57

The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish
version of the CD-RISC in community dwelling older people, and compare its factorial
structure with the original one. We used the following scales: CD-RISC (resilience), PSS
(perceived stress), the mental component of the SF-12, GDS (Geriatric Depression) and
MOS (social support). It was finally a scale with three dimensions including 17 items.
Convergent validity was performed to test whether the means of the variables used are
significantly associated with resilience and global scores of Spanish version of CD-RISC
scale were directly correlated with the scores of MOS and mental component of SF-12,
and inversely related with the scores of PSS and GDS scales. In conclusion the Spanish
CD-RISC scale includes 17 items divided into three dimensions, shows acceptable
psychometric properties and correlates with social support, perceived stress, depression
and mental component of quality of life

Differences in the expression of the frailty syndrome in institutionalized elderly men and women with no severe cognitive decline
Artículo
12/10/12 Cuenca
Área:
Envejecimiento y fragilidad
Ámbito:
Atención Sociosanitaria
Metodología:
Estudio descriptivo
Población:
Mayores (Ancianos) > 65 años
Autores:
Garrido M, Serrano MD, Bartolomé R, Martínez-Vizcaíno V.
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Garrido-Abejar M, Serrano-Parra MªD, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Martínez Vizcaino V. Diferencias en la expresión del síndrome de fragilidad en hombres y mujeres mayores institucionalizados sin deterioro cognitivo severo. Rev Esp Geriatr Gerontol. 2012;47(6):247–253.

AIM: To analyse the differences between men and women as regards the prevalence of the frailty syndrome, its association with different sociodemographic and bio-psychosocial health factors, and its impact on the level of dependence of institutionalised elderly men and women with no severe cognitive decline.
METHODS:A cross-sectional, descriptive and multicenter study was conducted in 16 nursing homes in Cuenca (Spain). A representative sample of 281 elderly who fulfilled the inclusion criteria was randomly selected. Measures: frailty following Fried's criteria, age, gender, morbidity, geriatric syndromes, level of dependence, cognitive status, mood and quality of life.
RESULTS:
The overall prevalence of frailty was 53.7% (60% among women). The following criteria were associated with frailty: age, respiratory diseases, arthritis, diabetes, sensory deficits, urinary and faecal incontinences, polypharmacy, hospitalization in the past year, functional impairment, cognitive decline and depressive symptoms. The states of frailty were independently associated with dependence (OR=5.1), more strongly in men (OR=7.3) than in women (OR=3.6). Clinical criteria of frailty that best predicted dependence were: exhaustion in women (OR=4.7) and low physical activity in men (OR=12.3).
CONCLUSIONS:The prevalence of frailty found among the institutionalised elderly population was greater than that expected for a general population. Older frail adults had poorer biological and psychosocial health results, suggesting that the physical decline is accompanied by an identity crisis. Frailty expresses differently in men and women. Women have a higher prevalence, but its impact on their dependence is less than men.

[Factors associated with health-related quality of life in the institutionalised elderly: differences between men and women].
Artículo
24/01/12 Cuenca
Área:
Envejecimiento y fragilidad
Ámbito:
Atención Sociosanitaria
Metodología:
Estudio descriptivo
Población:
Mayores (Ancianos) > 65 años
Autores:
Garrido-Abejar M,Serrano-Parra MD,Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R,Martínez-Vizcaino V
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Garrido-Abejar M, Serrano-Parra MªD, Bartolomé-Gutiérrez R, Martínez Vizcaino V. Factores asociados con calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en mayores institucionalizados: diferencias entre hombres y mujeres. Enferm Clin. 2012; 22(1):27-34.

To examine the relationship between co-morbidity, functional capacity, mood and perception of social support, and the physical and mental dimensions of the Health-Related Quality of Life and assess the differences between institutionalised elderly men and women without severe cognitive impairment in Cuenca, Spain.
A cross sectional, descriptive and multicentre study was conducted in 16 nursing homes. A representative sample of 281 elderly patients was randomly selected. Measures: demographic, clinic variables and standardised tools: SF12 health questionnaire, Mini-Mental State Examination, Barthel Index, Geriatric Depression Scale and Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. Data analysis was performed using multiple lineal regression models for physical and mental dimension of SF12, differentiated for gender.
The sample included 55% elderly women with an mean age of 82.6 years, and 45% men with a mean age of 81.2 years. Comorbidity was higher in women (1.96), but in the linear regression this was not associated with the physical dimension of HRQOL. We found an association with disability (β=313), depressive symptoms (β=-.164) and perceived social support (β=158). The worst HRQOL in women was found in the mental dimension associated with depressive symptoms (β= -.422) and in the low perceived social support (β=154).
Biological and functional factors were only associated with the physical dimension, while depression was associated with both dimensions (physical and psychological). The differential factor that could explain the lower HRQOL in institutionalised women could be explained by a more negative experience of the disability and loss of social support.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

Modelos y teorías de Enfermería: un enfoque epistemológico
Artículo
01/02/94 Cuenca
Área:
Metodología docente
Ámbito:
Universidad
Metodología:
Revisión sistemática
Población:
Adultos > 18 años
Autores:
Garrido Abejar M, Serrano Parra MªD
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Garrido Abejar M, Serrano Parra MªD. Modelos y teorías de enfermería: un enfoque epistemológico. La Revista de la Enfermera Mexicana. 1994; 19(2): 14-27.

Diagnóstico de Enfermería. Concepto y utilidad
Artículo
01/05/93 Cuenca
Área:
Metodología docente
Ámbito:
Universidad
Metodología:
Revisión sistemática
Población:
Adultos > 18 años
Autores:
Garrido Abejar M, Fuentes Chacón R, Serrano Parra MªD.
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Garrido Abejar M, Fuentes Chacón R, Serrano Parra MªD. Diagnóstico de Enfermería: Concepto y utilidad. Revista de Enfermería, Escuela Universitaria de Albacete, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha. 1993; 3: 179-197.

De la teoría a la práctica
Artículo
01/03/91 Cuenca
Área:
Metodología docente
Ámbito:
Universidad
Metodología:
Revisión sistemática
Población:
Adultos > 18 años
Autores:
Serrano MªD, Garrido M.
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Serrano MªD, Garrido M. De la teoría a la práctica. Notas de Enfermería 1991, 259: 15-22.

[Therapeutic communication and care]. Comunicación terapéutica y cuidado
Artículo
07/03/90 Cuenca
Área:
Manejo y control de signos y síntomas
Ámbito:
Varios Ámbitos
Metodología:
Interpretativo/constructivista (Fenomelogía, Teoría fundamentada, Etnografía)
Población:
Adultos > 18 años
Autores:
Garrido Abejar M,Serrano Parra MD
Ref. Bibliográfica:
Garrido Abejar M, Serrano Parra MªD. Comunicación terapéutica y cuidado. Rol de Enfermería. 1990; 147:123-128.

Este artículo pretende sensibilizar a los profesionales de la Enfermería sobre la importancia que tiene establecer unas eficaces relaciones terapéuticas en la actividad de cuidar. Se analizan en sus páginas, la comunicación verbal y no verbal, los factores que las afectan y las responsabilidades de las enfermeras en el proceso de comunicación: la escucha activa y las respuestas profesionales